A tooth abscess is a serious dental infection that can cause pain, swelling, and even death if left untreated. It is important to be able to identify the signs of a tooth abscess so that you can get treatment as soon as possible. If you are experiencing any signs of tooth abscess, it is important to seek treatment right away. This blog post will discuss the signs of a tooth abscess and what you should do if you think you have one.
Tooth Abscess: An Overview
An abscess is a pus-filled pocket that grows around the affected tooth’s root. Anyone may get one, from youngsters to the elderly. It won’t get better on its own if you have one. You’ll need to see an emergency dentist or an endodontist who can assist you to save your tooth. If you don’t treat it, the illness can spread to your neck, head, and other body regions.
Signs and Symptoms of Tooth Abscess
The typical signs and symptoms of having an abscessed tooth may include:
- A severe throbbing pain in the afflicted tooth or gum that may appear unexpectedly and worsen over time
- Discomfort that extends to your ear, jaw, and neck on the same side as the impacted tooth or gum,
- Pain gets worse while you’re lying down, which might make it difficult to sleep.
- Your face is flushed and swollen.
- A tooth that is painful, discoloured, or loose
- Gums that are glossy, red, and swollen
- Intolerance of hot and cold foods and beverages
- You have terrible breath or a nasty taste in your mouth.
- You may get a high temperature (fever) and feel generally sick if the infection spreads.
- In extreme instances, you may find it difficult to open your mouth completely, and you may have difficulties eating or breathing.
Causes of Dental Abscess
The outside of our tooth is hard, but the interior is loaded with nerves, connective tissue, and blood vessels. It can get infected at times.
Typically, this occurs as a result of:
- A deep cavity or decayed teeth
- Periodontal disease is another name for gum disease.
- A chipped or broken tooth
If the infection is not treated, it might destroy the pulp and cause an abscess.
Two varieties are often used:
- A periapical abscess develops near the root tip of your tooth.
- The bone close to your tooth is affected by a periodontal abscess.
There’s a chance you’ll acquire more than one abscess. Alternatively, an abscess can migrate through the bone and appear in many locations. But each is related to only one tooth.
You’re more likely to have these kinds of issues if you don’t brush your teeth at least twice a day or if there’s a lot of sugar in your diet. Sugary foods and drinks help bacteria grow, which can lead to cavities and other problems.
Risks and Complications
These factors may increase your risk of developing abscessed teeth:
- Poor dental hygiene. Not taking proper care of your teeth and gums — such as not brushing your teeth twice a day and not flossing — can increase your risk of tooth decay, gum disease, tooth abscess, and other dental and mouth complications.
- A diet high in sugar. Frequently eating and drinking foods rich in sugar, such as sweets and sodas, can contribute to dental cavities and turn into tooth abscesses.
- Dry mouth. Having a dry mouth can increase your risk of tooth decay. Dry mouth is often due to the side effect of certain medications or aging issues.
It’s critical to see a dentist if you have an abscessed tooth. Even if it’s already ruptured, your doctor should check and clean the area to ensure that the infection doesn’t spread. An infection can spread to your jaw and other head and neck regions, including your brain if left untreated. It can also lead to sepsis in rare circumstances. This is a life-threatening infection consequence.
If you have an abscessed tooth with the following symptoms, go to the emergency department.
- a high fever
- swelling on the face
- swallowing problems
- rapid heartbeat (tachycardia) with palpitations
These are all symptoms of a tooth abscess from a dangerous infection that an emergency dentist must treat right away.
How is an Abscessed Tooth Treated?
Abscess tooth treatment aims to get rid of the infection and relieve discomfort. Your dentist may begin with a dental X-ray, depending on your symptoms. This will allow them to see if the virus has spread to other parts of the city.
After having your abscessed tooth diagnosed, treatment methods vary depending on the nature and severity of your abscess:
- Draining the abscess. Your dentist will make a small cut in the abscess to drain the pus. They’ll follow up by cleaning the area with a saline solution.
- A root canal treatment. A root canal involves drilling into the affected tooth to drain the abscess and remove any infected pulp. Next, your dentist will fill and seal the pulp chamber, which holds pulp, and the root canal. They may also cap your tooth with a crown to strengthen it. A crown procedure is usually done during a separate appointment.
- Tooth extraction. If your tooth is too damaged, your dentist might remove it before draining the abscess. Your emergency dentist may pull the tooth and then drain the abscess if it can’t be saved.
- Antibiotics. If the bacterial infection has spread beyond the abscessed area or you have a weakened immune system, your dentist might prescribe oral antibiotics to help clear the infection.
- Removal of foreign objects. If a foreign object in your gums causes your abscess, your emergency dentist must remove it. They’ll finish up by cleaning the area with a saline solution.
If you can’t see your dentist right away, some patients take an over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drug, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), to help with the pain. Rinsing your mouth with warm salt water may also help. But what we recommend is to call your emergency dentist so they can attend to your dental needs at once.
Can Dental Abscesses be Prevented?
Tooth decay must be avoided to avoid a tooth abscess. To avoid tooth decay, take proper care of your teeth:
- You should consume fluoridated water.
- Brush your teeth for 2 minutes using fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day.
- Clean between your teeth every day with dental floss or an interdental cleaning.
- Replace your toothbrush every three to four months or as soon as the bristles get ragged.
- Limit sugary foods and between-meal snacks and eat healthful foods.
- Your dentist recommends regular checkups and expert cleanings.
- To give an extra layer of protection against tooth decay, use an antiseptic or a fluoride mouth rinse.
Oral infection from an untreated dental cavity is a condition that needs immediate dental treatment. Though pain relievers can help alleviate the tooth abscess’ symptoms, they are still not the solution. Professional dental treatment is still necessary to stop the infection from furthering and preserve your dental health. Our emergency dentist in Perth can provide urgent dental care for a situation such as this. With our qualified and experienced team, we will quickly determine the cause and seriousness of your condition to give you the treatment you need. So, if you have severe dental pain or serious infection, contact us immediately at (08) 9783 9006, so we can take care of your dental necessities as soon as possible.